EP10. Medical Decision Making and Bias

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How do you get from the classroom to the clinic or hospital ward?  How do you translate knowledge into clinical practice?  Using cognitive strategy techniques can help you understand the medical decision making process.  But beware of bias…


1. Sandhu HSS, Carpenter CR. Clinical decision making: opening the black box of cognitive reasoning. Ann Emerg Med. 2006;48:713-719.

2. Croskerry P. Achieving quality in clinical decision making: cognitive strategies and detection of bias. Acad Emerg Med 2002;9:1184–1204.

3. Kovacs G, Croskerry P. Clinical decision making: an emergency medicine perspective. Acad Emerg Med. 1999;6:947–52.

4. Croskerry, P. The Importance of Cognitive Errors in Diagnosis and Strategies to Minimize Them. Acad. Med. 2003;78:775–780.

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